Journal of Forensic Toxicology & PharmacologyISSN: 2325-9841

Research Article, J Forensic Toxicol Pharmacol Vol: 7 Issue: 1

Sudden Cardiac Deaths: A Critical Analysis after Death

Santosh B Bhoi1* and Nilesh K Tumram2

1Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Government Medical College, Solapur, Maharashtra, India

2Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Indira Gandhi Government Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

*Corresponding Author : Nilesh Keshav Tumram
Associate Professor, Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Indira Gandhi Government Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
Tel: 919422819766
E-mail: [email protected]

Received: December 11, 2017 Accepted: April 13, 2018 Published: April 20, 2018

Citation: Bhoi SB, Tumram NK (2018) Sudden Cardiac Deaths: A Critical Analysis after Death. J Forensic Toxicol Pharmacol 7:1. doi: 10.4172/2325-9841.1000158

Abstract

Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a remarkable public health problem. Aim of this study was to access the prevalence of SCD death and related histological findings, in deceased that were subjected to medicolegal autopsy. This prospective cross-sectional study was carried out at Dr. Vaishampayan Memorial Government Medical College, Solapur (Maharashtra) during a period of 2012 to 2014. Complete forensic autopsies were performed in every case with relevant histopathological examinations in all cases. A total of 4993 medicolegal autopsies were performed during this period. Sudden deaths formed 397 (7.95%) of the total medicolegal autopsies. The deaths due to cardiovascular system disease contribute 40.30 % of total sudden deaths. Most of the sudden cardiac deaths were in 40-49 years of age group. Males predominates the females among all sudden cardiac deaths with male consisting 67.5% and female 32.5%. Deaths due to coronary artery disease were 116 (72.5%), of the cases of sudden natural deaths myocarditis 21 (13.12%), hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 13 (8.12%) others 10 (6.25%) here histopathological examination study unmasked concealed pathologic substrates such as focal myocarditis or cardiomyopathy. This study underlines the importance of complete medicolegal investigations and importance of histopathological examinations in cases of sudden death.

Keywords: Sudden death; Natural death; Autopsy

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