Journal of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

Editorial, J Clin Nutr Metab Vol: 6 Issue: 1

The SOX9-Aldehyde Dehydrogenase Axis Defines Chemotherapy Resistance in Non Small-Cell Lung Cancer

Sri Pignata*

Department of Surgery, University of Milan-Bicocca, Milan, Italy

*Corresponding Author:Sri Pignata
Department of Surgery, University of Milan-Bicocca, Milan, Italy
E-mail:[email protected]

Received date:  04 January, 2022, Manuscript No. jcnm-22-55916;

Editor assigned date: 06 January, 2022, PreQC No. jcnm-22-55916 (PQ);  

Reviewed date: 17 January, 2022, QC No. jcnm-22-55916; 

Revised date: 24 January, 2022, Manuscript No. jcnm-22-55916 (R);  

Published date: 31 January, 2022, DOI: 10.4172/jcnm.100088

Citation: Pignata S (2022) The SOX9-Aldehyde Dehydrogenase Axis Defines Chemotherapy Resistance in Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer. J Clin Nutr Metab 6:1.

Keywords: Nutrition Physiology and Metabolism, Cellular and Molecular Metabolism, Nutrition and Endocrinology, Metabolic Disorders


Rotundity has a worldwide trouble to public health. It has been associated with numerous other habitual metabolic conditions, similar as cardiovascular conditions type 2 diabetes and certain types of cancer. Over the once many decades, the central part of adipose towel in the development of rotundity associated metabolic dysfunction has been honored. As similar, it's extensively accepted that dysfunctional adipose towel per se can lead to systemic insulin resistance and other metabolic diseases. Still, not all adipose towel expansion is inescapably associated with pathological changes. The conception of a healthy fat state suggests that “healthy” adipose towel bypasses the pathological way and therefore preserves systemic insulin perceptivity. To illustrate this, we lately reported that vascular endothelial growth convinced stimulation of angiogenesis in adipose improves vascularization and exerts defensive goods against high fat diet intermediated metabolic cuts intriguingly, we and others further demonstrated that the consequences of modulation of exertion are dichotomous and environment dependent during adipose towel expansion at early stage of rotundity development is salutary, whereas the same action in the environment of “unhealthy” expansion in the established fat adipose towel leads to metabolic dysfunction. In addition to VEGF-A, we hypothecate there may be other players involved in the regulation in adipose that ply dichotomous goods on the expanding fat mass [1,2].

A crucial step during the progression of adipose towel from the spare to the fat state is the development of hypoxia due to the incapability of vascular bed to keep pace with the rapid-fire towel expansion. Hypoxic adipose towel has unique differences that contribute to its dysfunction [3,4]. Among them, fibrosis is a crucial point of metabolic dysfunction in the towel arising substantiation supports the notion that fibrosis is a major player in adipose towel dysfunction by dwindling extracellular matrix  inflexibility of note, abnormal collagen accumulation during ECM redoing is tightly associated with original inflammation in adipose towel, which further leads to systemic insulin Likewise, proinflammatory factors and elevated situations of free adipose acids produced by unhealthy adipose towel farther detector an elevated degree of in other organs, similar as the liver, the heart, and muscle Importantly, the fibrotic response in fat adipose towel is efficiently averted by inhibition of hypoxia inducible factor 1 α using pharmacological and inheritable approaches. This also highlights that this pathological process can be reversed [5-7].

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is an adult-onset neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive motor neuron degeneration, muscle weakness, and fatal paralysis due to respiratory failure, which typically occurs 3 to 5â??years after diagnosis. ALS is mostly a sporadic disease, with of cases exhibiting affect proteins involved in RNA metabolism or protein clearance pathways though a mechanistic understanding of the disease pathology remains unclear, and no effective treatment for ALS currently exists [8,9].

The cytoplasmic and aggregation of FUS are more commonly observed in another related neurodegenerative disease, lobar dementia where about 10% of patients exhibit FUS aggregates. The remaining of FTLD exhibit aggregates of either TDP-43 or the microtubule-associated protein Tau TDP-43 and FUS possess similar domains, including RNA recognition motifs, glycine-rich domains, and prion-like domains, and have been proposed to affect multiple steps of mRNA metabolism. However, the mechanism by which cells clear these apparently toxic cytoplasmic aggregates is still unclear. In this report, we demonstrate that, like cytoplasmic TDP-43 expression, cytoplasmic FUS expression impairs endocytosis rates in yeast [10].  

Given this and in light of the fact that ALS-associated mutations generally reduce SG dynamics, SGs have been theorized to promote the formation of the TDP-43 and FUS aggregates that are observed in ALS patients though recent studies suggest that SG-independent aggregation mechanisms also likely exist. Regardless, various studies indicate that TDP-43 and FUS aggregates or simply the excessive cytoplasmic localization of TDP-43 or FUS may result in a toxic gain of function that leads to motor neuron degeneration. While the mechanism of such toxicity remains unclear, preventing aggregation and/or enhancing the clearance of cytoplasmic TDP-43 and FUS is of considerable therapeutic interest. This approach has shown promise in various ALS models, in which the prevention of SG assembly or cytoplasmic protein turnover has been tested [11,12].


  1. Ghildiyal M, Seitz H, Horwich DM, Li C, Du T, et al.  (2008) Endogenous siRNAs derives from transposons and mRNAs in drosophila somatic cells. Science 320: 1077-1081. Crossref Google Scholar Indexed
  2. Goldman RD, Shumaker DK, Erdos MR,  Eriksson M, Goldman AE, et al. (2004) Accumulation of mutant lamin A causes progressive changes in nuclear architecture in Hutchinsonâ??Gilford progeria syndrome. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA  101: 8963-8968. Crossref, Google Scholar, Indexed
  3. Chang CH, Larracuente AM. (2019) Heterochromatin-enriched assemblies reveal the sequence and organization of the Drosophila Y chromosome. Genet 211: 333-348. Crossref, Google Scholar
  4. Greil F, van der Kraan J, Delrow J. (2003) Distinct HP1 and Su(var)3-9 complexes bind to sets of developmentally coexpressed genes depending on chromosomal location. Gens Dev 17: 2825-2838. Crossref, Google Scholar
  5. Guo C, Jeong HH, Hsieh YC, Klien HU, Bennett DA, et al. (2018). Tau activates transposable elements in alzheimerâ??s disease. Cell Rep 23: 2874â??2880. Crossref, Google Scholar, Indexed
  6. Hoskins RA, Carlson JW, Kennedy C, Acevedo D, Holm ME, et al. (2007) Sequence finishing and mapping of Drosophila heterochromatin. Science 316: 1625-1628. Crossref, Google Scholar, Indexed
  7. Drewes G, Ebneth A, Mandelkow EM (1998) MAPs, MARKs and microtubule dynamics. Trends Biochem Sci 23: 307-311. Crossref, Google Scholar, Indexed
  8. James TC, Elgin SC (1986) Identification of a non-histone chromosomal protein associated with heterochromatin in Drosophila and its gene. Mol Cell Biol 6: 3862-3872. Crossref, Google Scholar, Indexed
  9. Kirby TJ, Lammerding J (2018) Emerging views of the nucleus as a cellular mechanosensor. Nat Cell Biol  20: 373-381. Crossref, Google Scholar, Indexed
  10. Al Bassam J, Ozer RS, Safer D, Halpain S, Milligan RA (2002) MAP2 and tau bind longitudinally along the outer ridges of microtubule protofilaments. J Cell Biol. 157: 1187-1196. Crossref, Google Scholar, Indexed
  11. Eissenberg JC, Elgin S (2000) The HP1 protein family: getting a grip on chromatin. Curr Opin Genet Dev 10: 204-210. Crossref, Google Scholar, Indexed
  12. Kris ND, Ribeiro AJS, Lammerding J (2008) Nuclear shape, mechanics, and mechanotransduction. Circ Res 102: 1307-1318. Crossref, Google Scholar, Indexed 

Track Your Manuscript