Journal of Sleep Disorders: Treatment and CareISSN: 2325-9639

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Research Article, J Sleep Disor Treat Care Vol: 2 Issue: 2

Quality of Sleep and Daytime Sleepiness among University Students

Tarcísio Eduardo Sargo dos Passos1, Rodrigo Guilherme Minotelli1, Renato Stikovics Koeke1, Vitor José Proto1, Sérgio Augusto Spada Júnior1, Mauro Gomes Araujo2 and Yara Dadalti Fragoso3*
1Medical Students, Universidade Metropolitana de Santos (UNIMES), Santos, SP, Brazil
2Neurologist, Lecturer at Universidade Metropolitana de Santos (UNIMES), Santos, SP, Brazil
3Neurologist, Head of the Department of Neurology at Universidade Metropolitana de Santos (UNIMES), Santos, SP, Brazil
Corresponding author : Fragoso YD
Department of Neurology, Medical School, UNIMES, Rua da Constituição 374, CEP 11015-470, Santos SP, Brazil
Tel: +55 13 32263400; Fax: +55 13 32263400
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: May 06, 2013 Accepted: June 07, 2013 Published: June 10, 2013
Citation: dos Passos TES, Minotelli RG, Koeke RS, Proto VJ, Spada SA Jr. (2013) Quality of Sleep and Daytime Sleepiness among University Students J Sleep Disor: Treat Care 2:2. doi:10.4172/2325-9639.1000111

Abstract

Quality of Sleep and Daytime Sleepiness among University Students

Background: During university life, students are exposed to a variety of stressful factors that can culminate with daytime sleepiness. The objective of the present study was to assess the quality of sleep and the presence of daytime sleepiness among university students. Method: The sample comprised 502 university students, randomly taken from the 2,619 students at Universidade Metropolitana de Santos. Data collection was performed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the Epworth sleepiness scale (ESE), with self-applied questionnaires. Results: The results showed that the students took, on average, over 20 minutes to fall asleep. There was, in general, bad quality of sleep in this population. Bad quality of sleep was significantly associated to higher degrees of daytime sleepiness. When the sixth-year medical students were assessed as a subgroup and compared with the first-year medical students, significantly worse quality of sleep and daytime sleepiness were observed among students in the last year of medical school. Conclusion: The poor sleep quality in this population suggests that universities should have specific guidance on sleep hygiene and should provide support for students presenting disturbances in this field.

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