Journal of Hydrogeology & Hydrologic EngineeringISSN: 2325-9647

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Research Article, J Hydrogeol Hydrol Eng Vol: 4 Issue: 1

Reliable Solution in Dynamic River Flow System Computations

Akbari G1* and Mirzazadeh P2
1Vice Chancellor for Academic and Research, University of Bojnord, Bojnord Iran
2Civil Engineering, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran
Corresponding author : AAkbari G
Vice Chancellor for Academic and Research, University of Bojnord, Bojnord Iran
Tel: 009854 3113 8056624, 009891 5519 2754
Received: June 23, 2014 Accepted: January 28, 2015 Published: February 02, 2015
Citation: Akbari G, Mirzazadeh P (2015) Reliable Solution in Dynamic River Flow System Computations. J Hydrogeol Hydrol Eng 4:1. doi:10.4172/2325-9647.1000120


Reliable Solution in Dynamic River Flow System Computations

Application and limitation of various computational methods handling hydrologic runoff and varied unsteady river flow equations was studied here. Investigations were focused on many numerical aspects linear, non-linear solution of continuity and dynamic equations. A river catchment was examined, hydrometric stations, water control measures at upstream and hydrodynamic systems of river- reservoir at downstream were modeled provided evaluation and performance of water conveyance systems proposed for water resources planning and management. Application of modeling flow discharge in rivers was reviewed through a number of flow routing techniques. These classical computational methods have been widely used in water resources engineering and are subject of front line research by hydrologic and hydraulic modelers. Application of conventional and practical methods such as Muskingum-Cunge which are classified under hydrologic and hydraulic routing categories was examined for nonlinear variation of hydrodynamic parameters. Several methods including various numerical schemes were used and compared for modeling accurate unsteady flows computations. Analysis were ranked based on four criterions (consistency, stability, convergence and accuracy) examined with field observations and recorded data. Result of analysis verified that with careful description of constant and variable parameters involved in the Muskingum-Cunge model, the nonlinear terms and physical behavior of the problem was best fitted as compared by developed numerical solutions. The kinematic wave model and Hydrologic Engineering Centre (HEC) and Danish Hydraulic Institute (DHI) Mike series software were employed to verify developed fully dynamic wave model. A 42 kilometer reach length (a location between two hydrometric stations) was modeled with hydrologic and hydro-informatics parameters in Kor River were used. Comparing performances of two constant and variable Muskingum-Cunge methods, nonlinear model with variable parameters had highest reliability and accurately was used for dynamic water wave routing in water conveyance systems (especially for rivers without measuring gage stations).

Keywords: Flow system multi-variables; River unsteady equations; Dynamic�kinematic solutions; Complete-approximate methods

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