Journal of Sleep Disorders: Treatment and CareISSN: 2325-9639

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Research Article, J Sleep Disor Treat Care Vol: 2 Issue: 3

Sleep Problems, Suicidality and Depression among American Indian Youth

Elizabeth Mayfield Arnold1*, Vaughn McCall W1, Andrea Anderson1, Alfred Bryant2 and Ronny Bell3
1Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC, USA
2Georgia Health Sciences University, Augusta, GA, USA
3University of North Carolina at Pembroke, NC, USA
Corresponding author : Elizabeth Arnold
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd., Winston-Salem, NC 27157-1087, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: July 07, 2013 Accepted: September 16, 2013 Published: September 19, 2013
Citation: Arnold EM, Vaughn McCall W, Anderson A, Bryant A, Bell R (2013) Sleep Problems, Suicidality and Depression among American Indian Youth. J Sleep Disor: Treat Care 2:3. doi:10.4172/2325-9639.1000119

Abstract

Sleep Problems, Suicidality and Depression among American Indian Youth Elizabeth Mayfield

Study background: Mental health and sleep problems are important public health concerns among adolescents yet little is known about the relationship between sleep, depressive symptoms, and suicidality among American Indian youth. Methods: This study examined the impact of sleep and other factors on depressive symptoms and suicidality among Lumbee American Indian adolescents (N=80) ages 11-18. Results: At the bivariate level, sleepiness, was associated with depression but not with suicidality. Time in bed (TIB) was not associated with depression, but more TIB decreased the likelihood of suicidality. Higher levels of depressive symptoms were associated with increased likelihood of suicidality. At the multivariate level, sleepiness, suicidality, and self-esteem were associated with depression. TIB and depressive symptoms were the only variables associated with suicidality. Conclusion: In working with American Indian youth, it may be helpful to consider sleep patterns as part of a comprehensive assessment process for youth who have or are at risk for depression and suicide.

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