Journal of Sleep Disorders: Treatment and CareISSN: 2325-9639

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Research Article, J Sleep Disor Treat Care Vol: 3 Issue: 2

The Association between Sleep Disorders and Fine Manual Dexterity in Adolescent and Young Adults with Down syndrome

CC (JJ) Chen1* and SDR Ringenbach2
1Department of Health and Human Physiology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
2Kinesiology Program, School of Health Solutions, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA
Corresponding author : Chen CC (JJ)
Department of Health and Human Physiology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
Tel: 319-335-9922; Fax: 319-335-6669
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: December 04, 2013 Accepted: January 30, 2014 Published: February 03, 2014
Citation: CC (JJ) Chen, SDR Ringenbach (2014) The Association between Sleep Disorders and Fine Manual Dexterity in Adolescent and Young Adults with Down syndrome. J Sleep Disor: Treat Care 3:2. doi:10.4172/2325-9639.1000132

Abstract

The Association between Sleep Disorders and Fine Manual Dexterity in Adolescent and Young Adults with Down syndrome

Background: The high prevalence of fine motor deficits in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is well documented. However, only a few studies have focused on individuals with Down syndrome. In particular, given the presence of sleep disorders and fine motor deficits in this population, more work is needed to examine the effect of sleep disorders on the performance of fine motor skills in individuals with Down syndrome (DS). Methods: Thirty adolescents and young adults with DS participated in the present study. Parents used a validated questionnaire to measure sleep problems in individuals with DS. Fine motor skill, measured by the Purdue Pegboard test (e.g., fine motor dexterity), were also measured in this study. Based on previous studies, we first tested the relationship between chronological age, mental age, and the performance of the Purdue pegboard test. In addition, we tested whether different factors of sleep disorders lead to impaired fine manual dexterity.

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