Journal of Hydrogeology and Hydrologic Engineering is a peer-reviewed scholarly journal and aims to publish the most complete and reliable source of information on the discoveries and current developments in the mode of original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc. in all major themes pertaining to the distribution and movement of groundwater in the Earth's crust and making them available online freely without any restrictions or any other subscriptions to researchers worldwide.
Journal of Hydrogeology and Hydrologic Engineering focuses on the topics that include
Stormwater Planning, Modeling and Management
Ground water quality & Analysis
Erosion & Sedimentation Control
Review processing is performed by the editorial board members of Journal of Hydrogeology and Hydrologic Engineering or outside experts; at least two independent reviewers approval followed by editor approval is required for acceptance of any citable manuscript. Authors may submit manuscripts and track their progress through the online tracking system, hopefully to publication.
Journal of Hydrogeology and Hydrologic Engineering is organizing & supporting 3rd International Conference on Hydrology & Meteorology during September 15-16, 2014 in HICC, Hyderabad, India with the theme of Building the Future with Novel Technologies in Hydrology & Meteorology.
The Stable Isotope Characteristics of Groundwater in the Voltaian Basin – An Evaluation of the Role of Meteoric Recharge in the Basin
This study finds that groundwater recharge in the shallow aquifer system of the Voltaian Basin is recent meteoric water which has undergone evaporative enrichment of the heavier isotopes of the main components of the water molecule as it transits the vadose zone. Apparently, low annual relative humidities and high temperatures in the basin have led to lower slope and intercept of the Local Meteoric Water Line than is observed in the Global Meteoric Water Line. This assertion is consistent with the observation that annual relative humidity variations in the basin are in the range of 65% – 85% even during the rainy season. Surface flows are considerably enriched in terms of the heavier stable isotopes of oxygen and hydrogen, suggesting severe evaporation. Using the stable isotope data of the surface flows and the estimated isotopic signature of the most probable source rainwater, this study finds that the rate of evaporative losses of water from the surface waterbodies ranges between 29.5% and 84.7%.
The Influence of the Unsaturated Zone on the High Fluoride Contents in Groundwater in the Middle Voltaian Aquifers- The Gushegu District, Northern Region of Ghana
This study was aimed at determining the origin of elevated fluoride content of groundwater in parts of the Gushegu District of the Northern Region of Ghana. Hydrochemical data from a total of 19 groundwater samples and porewater were analyzed to establish hydrochemical trends which would indicate the major causes of variation in the hydrochemistry. R-mode factor and hierarchical cluster analyses were jointly applied to the data. Three major sources of variation, accounting for over 76% of the total variance in the dataset were revealed. This study establishes that silicate mineral weathering may be the major factor influencing groundwater hydrochemical variation in the area.
Study of FEM Method Sensitivity to Detect Leachate Infiltration
A Frequential Electromagnetic (FEM) survey was carried out in a dumpsite of waste. The dumpsite lies on a lateritic layer above an unconfined sand aquifer with water table at 14–19m depth. This study is focused on the evaluation of 1D Electromagnetic (EM) method sensitivity to detect the leachate infiltration. Synthetic models have been built to test various medium. The PCLOOP software has been used for direct calculation and FreqEM software for reverse calculation of the models. The obtained 1D calculated model has showed that EM method detects perfectly all the layers of distinct conductivities. Nevertheless, the method under-estimates of 8% the values of conductivities and over-estimates of 6% those of thicknesses of the layers. A field test of this sensitivity to detect layers has been done on a dumpsite. The models of ground on the dumpsite showed that in the unpolluted zones the leachate did not reach the water table and in the polluted zones, the water table is polluted by the leachate. EM method is sensitive to the detection of the leachate infiltration in the point of survey. However, this sensitivity decreases with the increase of the computing heterogeneous volume.
Study of the Phenomenon of Groundwater Levels Rise in South El Qantara Shark Area, Ismailia, Egypt
The study focused on understanding and describing the mechanism by which waste water enters the groundwater. The main environments of concern are architectural, social and human health. Fifteen peizometers were installed to investigate the rising in groundwater level in the area of concern. Detailed topographical and brief hydrogeological analyses were carried out. The strata supplying groundwater in the area are the Quaternary strata (Holocene and Pleistocene). The Holocene shallow sandy aquifer dominates the study area, where all drilled peizometers tap this aquifer. The daily leakage from excessive irrigation water may represent the main contributor of groundwater level increase in the shallow aquifer. Moreover, leakage from the south El Qantara canal and the municipal water supply system further contribute to the increase of groundwater level. The water table is found in the south at a depth of 9 m below ground surface (bgs) and sometimes the groundwater surfaces particularly in the north and northeastern parts of the area. The groundwater quality varies from fresh water to brackish water where the total dissolved solids range from 1019 mg/L to 32000 mg/L. A dewatering system in the study area may be suggested as a solution to overcome the problem of rising groundwater levels. The results from the groundwater flow model simulation using MODFLOW demonstrate that large areas in the northern part of the study area become wet at ground surface if there exist conditions such as the presence of clay unit at a shallow depth, an intensive cultivation, and surface water leakage to recharge the aquifer. The modeling results also demonstrate that a horizontal drainage network may be proposed to control and mitigate the rising water table conditions in the area.
Hydrological Studies and Performance Evaluation of Irrigation Water Supply in Matar Branch of MRBC Area, Central Gujarat, India
In this paper, an attempt is made to understand the hydrological aspects and issues pertaining to the cropping pattern in the Matar branch canal of Mahi Right Bank Canal (MRBC) command area in Gujarat state, India. A field survey was carried out to identify the hydrological impacts in the nine villages of the study area. Furthermore, to evaluate the performance of the irrigation water supply in Matar branch for Kharif and Rabi seasons the Performance Indicator (PI) values for three different scenarios were computed. Results show that the long term average rainfall at Matar station for the period 1876 to 2011 is 753 mm and has a decreasing trend. The Potential Evapotranspiration (PET) is calculated by using CROPWAT and the average PET estimated during year 2000 to 2010 is 5.73 mm/day. The average moisture availability index (MAI) value during the year 2000 to 2010 is -58.67, indicating a semi-arid condition. Analysis of rainfall data and the questionnaires collected during field surveys shows that the plantation of water intensive crop paddy has replaced tobacco and cotton. The average annual income of the farmers over the last decade has also reduced due to water-logging and salinity in the command area. The PI values based on applied irrigation water depth and net crop water requirement for three different scenarios shows that for better performance of the Matar branch irrigation system the transplantation of the paddy crop in Kharif season should be carried out in the first two weeks of July.