Comparative Analysis of the Phytochemical Properties and Total Sugar Content of Three Local Varieties of Ripe Carica papaya L. Fruit
Carica papaya L. is a perennial plant cultivated mostly in tropical and subtropical lands including the Philippines, India, South America, Sri Lanka, and East Africa. Of all its parts, it is usually the fruit that is utilized for human consumption. Carica papaya L. comes in different varieties, including the Solo, Sinta, and Red Lady papayas. This study aimed to analyze and compare the total phenolic and flavonoid content, antioxidant capacity, and alkaloid presence of these three varieties in contrast to their total sugar content. Tests such as the Folin-Ciocalteu method, analysis of total flavonoid content, DPPH-scavenging activity assay and the Anthrone method were done. Descriptive statistics such as Levene statistics, means, standard deviations, ANOVA, and Tukey’s test were used for data.