Journal of Food and Nutritional DisordersISSN: 2324-9323

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Current Evidence for the Possible Interactions of Nutritional Behavior with the Development and Formulation of the Stomatognathic System within the Craniofacial Complex

Current Evidence for the Possible Interactions of Nutritional Behavior with the Development and Formulation of the Stomatognathic System within the Craniofacial Complex

Introduction: From time to time, various studies support the association between nutritional habits and development of the stomatognathic system (SS). Purpose: The investigation of the impact of nutritional behavior on the craniofacial morphology, the masticatory function and dentition, as well as the research for possible correlation between body mass index (BMI) and harmonic function of stomatognathic system. Methods: A comprehensive review of the dental and medical literature, using appropriate keywords. Results: Several studies support the hypothesis according to which nutritional behavior has an impact on the development and formulation of the stomatognathic system, but also teeth wear. It is also supported that there is negative relationship between masticatory performance and BMI. Furthermore, the factors which affect the masticatory performance are referred, such as age, gender, height, physical activity, smoking, face shape, sleep bruxism, oral health, number, position and dentition. Conclusions: SS is highly reliant on nutritional behavior, therefore the collaboration between oral health doctors and nutritionists is considered essential for the methodical prevention programs training, in order to eliminate the disorders of stomatognathic system and for the general health but also to eliminate deviations from ideal weight and improve the quality of life in general.

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