Journal of Food and Nutritional DisordersISSN: 2324-9323

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Risk Factors of Dyslipidemia in Hypertensive Patients in Selected Urban and Rural Areas in Indonesia

Risk Factors of Dyslipidemia in Hypertensive Patients in Selected Urban and Rural Areas in Indonesia

Currently, Indonesia is in epidemiology transition regarding the burden of infectious diseases, as well as the threat of noncommunicable diseases. The main risk factors of developing cardiovascular disease are smoking habit, hypertension and dyslipidemia; the latter two often occurring simultaneously. The purpose of this study was to obtain a predictive model of the occurrence of dyslipidemia in hypertensive patients. Study design was a cross sectional study. The selection of samples was �simple random sampling� based on the medical records of hypertensive patients. The results showed that 47.6% of patients with hypertension manifest dyslipidemia (39.2% rural and 59.3% urban areas). Risk factors of dyslipidemia in hypertensive patient in urban areas was working status after controlled by BMI (Body Mass Index), and fat intake, while in rural areas was gender after controlled by fat intake, and fried food consumption.

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