Journal of Addictive Behaviors,Therapy & RehabilitationISSN: 2324-9005

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Review Article, J Addict Behav Ther Rehabil Vol: 2 Issue: 2

Addictions and Medicalization of Social Conditions: Context and Paths of Reflexion

Amnon Jacob Suissa*
University of Quebec at Montreal (UQAM), Canada
Corresponding author : Amnon Jacob Suissa, PhD
Professor – Faculty of Sciences Humanities School of Social Work, University of Quebec at Montreal (UQAM), Pavillon Thérèse Casgrain, 455 René Lévesque East 455, boulevard René Lévesque, East Bureau W-4311, H2L 4Y2, Canada
Tel: 514-987-3000; Fax: 514-987-6317
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: November 11, 2012 Accepted: May 10, 2013 Published: May 14, 2013
Citation: Suissa AJ (2013) Addictions and Medicalization of Social Conditions: Context and Paths of Reflexion. J Addict Behav Ther Rehabil 2:2. doi:10.4172/2324-9005.1000105

Abstract

Addictions and Medicalization of Social Conditions: Context and Paths of Reflexion

In the psychosocial management of addictions, different social control modalities coexist. We can think of the penal, therapeutic, medical and “laissez-faire” perspectives. The current redefinition of the addiction concept reveals that no single explanation can validate diverse addiction conditions; a multifactorial approach is necessary to grasp the complexity of this phenomenon: addiction to psychotropic substances, love, the Internet, cosmetic surgery, groups, shopping, work, etc. In dealing with the hurried society and performance at any cost, how can we explain the growing tendency to medicalize social conditions and the explosion of categories? To what extent does contemporary society generate conditions where a person feels less and less capable of keeping up with the social and institutional pace? The author suggests analyzing individual and social control markers and shedding light on the central issue of social ties. Finally, the author illustrates how, for example, the 12-step philosophy contributes directly to the labeling and socializing of pathologies instead of focusing on the hidden strengths of people and their families and social networks.

Keywords: Addiction; Pathology; Social control; Social ties; Medicalization; 12 Steps; Intervention

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