Journal of Nanomaterials & Molecular NanotechnologyISSN: 2324-8777

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Research Article, J Nanomater Mol Nanotechnol Vol: 7 Issue: 2

Bi60In2O93 Nanoparticles: Photocatalytic Activity Investigation

Abdulkarem Al-ofairi* and Sundus Al Marsumi

Physics Department, College of Education-Arhab, Sana’a University, Sana’a, Republic of Yemen

*Corresponding Author : Abdulkarem Al-ofairi
Physics Department, College of Education-Arhab, Sana’a University, Sana’a, Republic of Yemen
Tel: 00967771634753; 00967772839943
E-mail: [email protected]

Received: December 07, 2017 Accepted: February 19, 2018 Published: February 25, 2018

Citation: Al-ofairi, Al Marsumi S (2018) Bi60In2O93 Nanoparticles: Photocatalytic Activity Investigation. J Nanomater Mol Nanotechnol 7:2. doi: 10.4172/2324-8777.1000242

Abstract

Objective: Synthesis and characterization of bismuth indium oxide (Bi60In2O93) nanoparticles and their evaluation as new visible lightsensitive photocatalysts.

Methods: Synthesis was achieved using a simple hydrothermal method at low temperature and the crystal structures and morphology of the prepared Bi60In2O93 nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), respectively. Optical properties of the nanoparticles were measured by UV-visible spectroscopy and photocatalytic activity was tested by measuring their effects on rhodamine-B degradation under UVvisible and visible light.

Results: The prepared samples had high crystallinity and were tetragonal. Bi60In2O93 nanoparticles exhibited strong photocatalytic activity under simulated sunlight. Nanoparticles prepared from a Bi:In mole ratio of 12:1 had the smallest size (~75 nm in diameter) and were the most uniform with good spherical morphology. These particles showed the strongest photocatalytic activity, including activity in the visible region. The possible mechanism for activity enhancement of Bi60In2O93 nanoparticles compared with Bi2O3 was investigated. The enhanced degradation of rhodamine-B, which is promoted by dye sensitization, is related to the higher crystallinity, unique tunnel structure, narrower band gap and special electron structure of the Bi60In2O93 nanoparticles.

Conclusion: Bi60In2O93 nanoparticles show good promise as visible light-sensitive photocatalysts and for semiconductor development.

Keywords: Bi60In2O93; Chemical synthesis; Nanostructures; Photocatalysis; Semiconductors

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