Research Article, J Nanomater Mol Nanotechnol Vol: 7 Issue: 3
Characterization of Anatase and Rutile Phase of TiO2 Nanostructures with Different Thermal Annealing
Napon Butrach, Orathai Thumthan and Suttinart Noothongkaew*
Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Ubon Ratchathani University, 34190 Thailand
Received: March 14, 2018 Accepted: June 01, 2018 Published: June 07, 2018
Citation: Butrach N, Thumthan O, Noothongkaew S (2018) Characterization of Anatase and Rutile Phase of TiO2 Nanostructures with Different Thermal Annealing. J Nanomater Mol Nanotechnol 7:3. doi: 10.4172/2324-8777.1000247
TiO2 nanostructures were prepared by anodization of Ti foils. The TiO2 nanostructure films were annealed at the temperature range of 500°C to 900°C for 2 h. The morphology, elemental composition, and crystallization of TiO2 nanostructures were analyzed by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectra, and X-ray spectroscopy (XPS), respectively. XRD and Raman spectra results confirm the presence of the anatase phase for TiO2 nanostructure films which were annealed at 500°C to 700°C. Furthermore, it found that anatase to rutile phase transition occurred at temperature above 700ºC.