Journal of Genital System & DisordersISSN: 2325-9728

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Research Article, J Genit Syst Disord Vol: 6 Issue: 1

Fertility Preservation in Female Cancer Patients: A Retrospective Study from Iran

Zademodarres S1, Salehpour S1, Saharkhiz N1, Zamaneian M1, Mardani-Fard HA2 and Hosseini S3*
1Preventative Gynecology Research Center (PGRC), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2Firouzabad Institute of Higher Education, Firouzabad, Iran
3IVF Center, Taleghani Hospital, Tehran, Iran
Corresponding author : Sedighe Hosseini, MD
IVF Center, Taleghani Hospital,Tehran, Iran
Tel: (+98) 2122432558
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: March 14, 2016 Accepted: January 18, 2017 Published: January 25, 2017
Citation: Zademodarres S, Salehpour S, Saharkhiz N, Zamaneian M, Mardani-Fard HA, et al. (2017) Fertility Preservation in Female Cancer Patients: A Retrospective Study from Iran. J Genit Syst Disord 6:1. doi: 10.4172/2325-9728.1000168

Abstract

Introduction: Improvements in cancer treatments have improved survival, thus it is important to improve the quality of life of cancer survivors. Use of fertility preservation methods has developed considerably in recent years. Therefore, in order to save future fertility, consultation with cancer patients is important.

Patients and Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study among female patients with different cancer disorders who were referred to IVF center, Taleghani Hospital, in Iran between April 2014 and September 2014 for fertility preservation.

Results: Eighteen patients were referred, with a mean age of 27 years, 9 patients (50%) before gonadotoxic treatment and 9 patients (50%) after previous gonadotoxic treatment. The mean value of anti-mullerian hormone was 1.6 ng/ml, and the mean antral follicle count per ovary was 4. For 14 patients (77.8%), embryo cryopreservation and for 4 others (22.2%) oocyte cryopreservation was carried out. Patients with a history of gonadotoxic therapy needed more gonadotropins for stimulation (4328 IU versus 2233 IU, P<0.05). Patients with lower antral follicle count had lower oocytes (p<0.05) and patients with lower anti mullerian hormone had lower antral follicle count per ovary (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Due to the high dose of gonadotropins for stimulation and its effect on anti mullerian hormone and antral follicle count, in patients with a history of gonadotoxic therapy, it is recommended that patients be referred for fertility preservation before gonadotoxic treatment.

Keywords: Cancer; Infertility; Preservation; Iran

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