Journal of Nanomaterials & Molecular NanotechnologyISSN: 2324-8777

Research Article, J Nanomater Mol Nanotechnol Vol: 6 Issue: 3

Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Euphorbia Confinalis Stem Extract, Characterization and Evaluation of Antimicrobial Activity

Netai Mukaratirwa-Muchanyereyi1, Tinotenda Muchenje1, Stephen Nyoni1,2*, Munyaradzi Shumba3, Mathew Mupa1, Luke Gwatidzo1 and Ateek Rahman1

1Department of Chemistry, Bindura University of Science Education, P. Bag 1020, Bindura, Zimbabwe

2Department of Chemistry, Chinhoyi University of Technology, P. Bag 7724, Chinhoyi, Zimbabwe

3Department of Chemistry, Midlands State University, P. Bag 9055, Gweru, Zimbabwe

*Corresponding Author : Stephen Nyoni
Department of Chemistry, Bindura University of Science Education, P. Bag 1020, Bindura, Zimbabwe
E-mail: [email protected]

Received: June 03, 2016 Accepted: June 03, 2016 Published: May 21, 2017

Citation: Muchanyereyi NM, Muchenje T, Nyoni S, Shumba M, Mupa M, et al. (2017) Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Euphorbia Confinalis Stem Extract, Characterization and Evaluation of Antimicrobial Activity. J Nanomater Mol Nanotechnol 6:3. doi: 10.4172/2324-8777.1000220

Abstract

Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Euphorbia Confinalis Stem Extract, Characterization and Evaluation of Antimicrobial Activity

Silver nanoparticles were synthesized using Euphorbia Confinalis stem extract which is an eco-friendly and cost effective method compared to other synthesis protocols like chemical and physical methods. Euphorbia Confinalis which is used traditionally for therapeutic uses was responsible for capping and reducing silver ions to silver nanoparticles. Silver was of a particular interest for this process due to its evocative physical and chemical properties. The silver nanoparticles synthesized were quantified and characterized using visual examination of the color changes, UV-Visible spectroscopy, Scanning Electron Microscopy, Transmission Electron Microscopy, Dynamic Light Scattering and Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy. The antimicrobial activity of the synthesized nanoparticles was done by agar disc diffusion method tested against Escherichia coli (Gram-Negative) and Staphylococcus aureus (Gram-Positive). The synthesis of silver nanoparticles was confirmed by color change of AgNO3 to reddish brown upon addition of the Euphorbia Confinalis stem extract. The UV-Vis spectrum showed broad absorption band at 433nm corresponding to that of Surface Plasmon Resonance of silver nanoparticles. The FTIR analysis showed the presence of aromatic, aliphatic and amines and these observations suggested the presence and binding of organic compounds with silver nanoparticles.

Keywords: Silver nanoparticles; Catalytic activity; Antimicrobial applications

Track Your Manuscript

Share This Page