Dental Health: Current ResearchISSN: 2470-0886

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Opinion Article, Dent Health Curr Res Vol: 10 Issue: 2

Innovative Approaches to Manage Burning Mouth Syndrome

Maria Melo Filho*

1Department of Oral Medicine, Sedation and Imaging, Hebrew University- Hadassah School of Dental Medicine, PO Box 12272, Jerusalem 91120, Israel

*Corresponding Author: Maria Melo Filho,
Department of Oral Medicine, Sedation and Imaging, Hebrew University-Hadassah School of Dental Medicine, PO Box 12272, Jerusalem 91120, Israel

Received Date: 27 March, 2024, Manuscript No. DHCR-24-135570;

Editor assigned Date: 29 March, 2024, PreQC No. DHCR-24-135570 (PQ);

Reviewed Date: 12 April, 2024, QC No. DHCR-24-135570;

Revised Date: 19 April, 2024, Manuscript No. DHCR-24-135570 (R);

Published Date: 26 April, 2024 DOI: 10.4172/2470-0886.1000207.

Citation: Filho MM (2024) Innovative Approaches to Manage Burning Mouth Syndrome. Dent Health Curr Res 10:2.


Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS) is a perplexing and often debilitating condition characterized by a chronic burning sensation in the mouth, typically affecting the tongue, lips, and palate. Despite its prevalence, the exact cause of BMS remains elusive, making it a challenging condition to treat. Traditional management approaches have focused on symptomatic relief, but recent advancements offer new hope for those suffering from this painful condition. This article explores innovative approaches to managing Burning Mouth Syndrome. BMS primarily affects middle-aged and older adults, with a higher incidence in women, particularly postmenopausal women. Symptoms include a burning or scalding sensation, dryness, altered taste, and discomfort. These symptoms can significantly impact quality of life, making effective management crucial.

Recent advancements in diagnostic tools allow for more precise identification of BMS. Techniques such as Quantitative Sensory Testing (QST) and neuroimaging can help differentiate BMS from other orofacial pain conditions. These tools assess nerve function and identify any underlying neuropathic components, guiding targeted treatment strategies. Research into biomarkers-biological indicators of disease-holds promise for diagnosing BMS more accurately. Salivary and serum biomarkers can potentially reveal underlying systemic conditions or deficiencies contributing to BMS, leading to more personalized treatment plans.

Given the potential neuropathic nature of BMS, treatments targeting nerve pain are gaining attention. Medications such as gabapentin, pregabalin, and tricyclic antidepressants have shown efficacy in alleviating BMS symptoms by modulating nerve signals. Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT), or photobiomodulation, uses low-level lasers or light-emitting diodes to reduce pain and inflammation. This noninvasive therapy has been found to provide significant relief for BMS patients, promoting tissue healing and reducing nerve sensitivity. Topical application of capsaicin, the active component in chili peppers, can desensitize nerve endings and reduce pain. Other topical treatments, such as lidocaine or clonazepam, are also used to alleviate symptoms by numbing affected areas or altering nerve function. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) addresses the psychological aspects of chronic pain, helping patients manage the emotional and mental toll of BMS. By teaching coping strategies and altering pain perception, CBT can significantly improve patients' quality of life. Hormonal Replacement Therapy (HRT) for postmenopausal women, hormonal imbalances may play a role in BMS. HRT can help alleviate symptoms by addressing underlying hormonal deficiencies. However, this approach requires careful consideration and monitoring by healthcare providers.

Deficiencies in vitamins and minerals, such as vitamin B12, iron, and zinc, have been linked to BMS. Supplementing these nutrients can sometimes provide relief. A balanced diet rich in essential nutrients supports overall oral health. Certain foods and habits can exacerbate BMS symptoms. Avoiding spicy foods, alcohol, tobacco, and acidic beverages can help reduce irritation. Additionally, maintaining good oral hygiene and using mild toothpaste can prevent further discomfort.

As our understanding of BMS evolves, personalized medicine approaches tailored to an individual's specific condition and genetic makeup are becoming more feasible. This could involve customized treatment plans based on genetic, biochemical, and environmental factors. Ongoing research into the pathophysiology of BMS is crucial. Studies exploring the role of the central nervous system, peripheral nerve function, and hormonal changes will provide deeper insights into the condition and lead to more effective treatments. Combining conventional medical treatments with complementary therapies, such as acupuncture and mindfulness meditation, offers a integrated approach to managing BMS. These integrative strategies can address both the physical and psychological aspects of the syndrome.


Managing burning mouth syndrome requires a multifaceted approach due to its complex and varied nature. Innovative diagnostic tools, advanced treatments, and integrative strategies offer new hope for patients. As research continues to uncover the underlying mechanisms of BMS, these advancements pave the way for more effective and personalized management, ultimately improving the quality of life for those affected by this challenging condition.

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