Geoinformatics & Geostatistics: An OverviewISSN: 2327-4581

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Research Article, Geoinfor Geostat An Overview Vol: 4 Issue: 3

Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) Penetration towards the Head of the Handolan Valley: Recent Reversal of Long- Term Retrogressional Trend-Contrasting Responses to Climate Change of Tree-and Forest Line

Kullman L*
Professor, Department of Ecology and Environmental Science, Umeå University, SE 901 87 Umeå, Sweden
Corresponding author : Leif Kullman
Professor, Department of Ecology and Environmental Science, Umeå University, SE 901 87 Umeå, Sweden
Tel: 0907866893
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: March 14, 2016 Accepted: May 17, 2016 Published: May 24, 2016
Citation: Kullman L (2016) Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) Penetration towards the Head of the Handölan Valley: Recent Reversal of Long-Term Retrogressional Trend-Contrasting Responses to Climate Change of Tree-and Forest Line. Geoinfor Geostat: An Overview 4:3. doi:10.4172/2327-4581.1000144

Abstract

Pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) Penetration towards the Head of the Handolan Valley: Recent Reversal of Long- Term Retrogressional Trend-Contrasting Responses to Climate Change of Tree-and Forest Line

With a climate-change perspective, this study focuses on the recent history and performance of the much separated pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) tree and forest lines in a mountain valley in the southern Swedish Scandes. Historical records define quite accurately these “lines” by the early 20th century and mid-1970s. Their subsequent dynamic performances have been surveyed up to the present day. Both lines are currently positioned within the subalpine mountain birch forest belt (Betula pubescens ssp. czerepanovii). Consequently, their past, present and future changes rely on the evolution of the birch forest matrix. Between the early 20th century and the mid- 1970s, the position of the pine forest- and tree lines remained fairly stable.

Keywords: Tree line; Forest line; Pinus sylvestris; Climate change; Subalpine birch forest

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