Journal of Nanomaterials & Molecular NanotechnologyISSN: 2324-8777

Research Article, J Nanomater Mol Nanotechnol Vol: 6 Issue: 3

Preparation of Anti-Elastase Antibody Conjugated With Quantum Dots 710 Nm and Fluorescein Isothiocyanate for Immunoassay of Milk Somatic Cells

Zlatina Becheva and Tzonka Godjevargova*

Department of Biotechnology, University “Prof. Dr Asen Zlatarov”, Bourgas, Bulgaria

*Corresponding Author : Tzonka Godjevargova
Department of Biotechnology, University “Prof. Dr Asen Zlatarov”, Bourgas, Bulgaria
Tel:
+359 56 858 353
E-mail: [email protected]

Received: February 23, 2017 Accepted: April 12, 2017 Published: April 17, 2017

Citation: Becheva Z, Godjevargova T (2017) Preparation of Anti-Elastase Antibody Conjugated With Quantum Dots 710 Nm and Fluorescein Isothiocyanate for Immunoassay of Milk Somatic Cells. J Nanomater Mol Nanotechnol 6:3. doi: 10.4172/2324-8777.1000217

Abstract

Preparation of Anti-Elastase Antibody Conjugated With Quantum Dots 710 Nm and Fluorescein Isothiocyanate for Immunoassay of Milk Somatic Cells

A novel immunofluorescence microscopic method for a neutrophil and somatic cell count was developed by using anti-elastase antibody. Two different conjugates - anti-bovine neutrophil elastase antibody-fluorescein isothiocyanate conjugate and anti-bovine neutrophil elastase antibody-Quantum Dots 710nm conjugate were prepared. The coupling of Quantum Dots (QDs) and fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) to antibody has been demonstrated by comparison of ultraviolet absorption spectra and fluorescence spectra of conjugate and initial components. The activities of conjugates were measured by indirect ELISA at the same conditions. It was found that the sensitivity of the immunoassay with QDs-conjugate was higher than the sensitivity of the immunoassay with FITC-conjugate. The storage stability of antibovine neutrophil elastase antibody-QDs710nm conjugate and anti-bovine neutrophil elastase antibody-FITC conjugate was studied. The residual fluorescence intensity of anti-elastase antibody-QDs was 95% at 30th day, while the intensity of antielastase antibody-FITC conjugate was reduced to 60% at same day. The obtained conjugates were applied in real test with bovine milk somatic cells. The fluorescence imaging proved that QDs-conjugate has better fluorescence intensity than the FITCconjugate, and is more appropriate for determination of somatic cells in milk.

Keywords: Quantum Dots; FITC; Antibody; Conjugate; Somatic cells

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