Geoinformatics & Geostatistics: An OverviewISSN: 2327-4581

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Commentary, Geoinfor Geostat An Overview Vol: 0 Issue: 0

Representation of Movement for Exploration of Spatial Interaction and Spatial Arrangement Patterns

Zhang Qiang

Department of Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China

*Corresponding author: Zhang Qiang, Department of Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China, Email:

Received: August 09, 2021 Accepted: August 23, 2021 Published:  August 30, 2021

Citation: Qiang Z (2021) Representation of Movement for Exploration of Spatial Interaction and Spatial Arrangement Patterns. Geoinfor Geostat: An Overview 9(8).317


The general objective in the investigation of stream information is to examine the spatial dissemination of the streams and assemble a (psychological) portrayal of this dispersion as a mix of spatial examples. A spatial example, in this specific situation, is an unequivocal or mental build portraying fundamental elements of the spatial conveyance of a subset of streams in a far reaching yet parsimonious way. The overall sorts of examples looked for while breaking down information, are affiliation, separation, and course of action designs. Affiliation designs allude to likeness of attributes and separation allude to dissimilarities

Keywords: Spatial interaction, Spatial arrangement patterns, Spatio-temporal data


Our center, in this paper, lies in the investigation of course of action designs in stream information. Course of action in everyday alludes to requesting or other arrangement of information things as for the association of a reference set. For our situation, the reference set is a two dimensional space which is coordinated with the goal that its components (i.e., the spatial areas) are associated by relations of distance and heading. Henceforth, course of action of information things in space is a setup regarding spatial distances and bearings.

Three kinds of spatial game plan designs that are regularly of interest during the investigation of streams are spatial focus, spatial pattern, and spatial arrangement. We unequivocally characterize these as follows:

Spatial focus: a subset of streams with close starting points and additionally objections. Such examples arise, for instance, in regions drawing in numerous travelers or suburbanites (grouping of approaching streams); in regions repulsing individuals or regions sending out products to numerous different regions (convergence of friendly streams); in center regions, or focuses of exercises (centralization of both approaching and cordial streams).

Spatial pattern: an expansion or reduction of stream thickness and additionally sizes along some course. Spatial patterns are shown, for instance, by an expansion of worker stream thickness and extents toward the path from rustic North to mechanical South of a nation; or by a reduction of vacationer streams in the ways from a touristic downtown area towards the edges.

Spatial arrangement: a subset of streams framing a line. Arrangement designs are framed, for instance, by streams following regular straight provisions (e.g., waterways, coastlines) or transportation passages (expressways, metro lines), or streams restricted toward them by normal limitations (e.g., edges in mountain areas).

Streams are usually addressed graphically in two measurements (2D) on maps by straight or bended, coordinated or undirected lines or bolt images connecting starting points to objections. The significant test of addressing streams is twofold and emerges from [1] the, regularly, exceptionally huge size of the information, and from their person which can incorporate connections between a huge number of areas shaping enormous and profoundly associated networks that are inclined to various intersections and covers [2]. Because of this enormous number of crossing points between the connections, the basic spatial examples will in general be covered by the arising visual mess.

To address this test and help an investigator in discovering spatial course of action designs in the information, we present a clever connection interface extraordinarily intended for the investigation of streams which progressively channels the information by bearing [3]. We carry out the proposed interface inside an intuitive climate for the investigation of streams in geological space, called ‘Flowcube’, which utilizes a three dimensional (3D) portrayal for showing associations between areas. The fundamental commitments of our work thus are:

The plan of a stream explicit cooperation strategy dependent on sifting stream information by bearing [4], executed inside an intuitive exploratory interface for stream information, and observations of the utilization of the interface by examiners prompting ideas of systems for the compelling investigation of streams. We exhibit the usefulness of our methodology by investigating contrasts in progressions of travelers and neighborhood inhabitants in the Greater London region utilizing information removed from geolocated Flickr photos.


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  2. Andrienko N, Andrienko G (2011) Spatial Generalization and Aggregation of Massive Movement Data. Trans Vis Comput Graph 17(2): 205-219.
  3. Andrienko G, Andrienko N, Bak P, Keim D, Wrobel S (2013) Visual analytics of movement. Spring 387.
  4. Bier E, Stone M, Pier K, Buxton W, DeRose T (1993) Toolglass and magic lenses: the see-through interface. Comput Graph 27: 73-80.
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