Journal of Food and Nutritional Disorders ISSN: 2324-9323

Research Article, J Food Nutr Disor Vol: 6 Issue: 4

Self-Reported Physical Activity and Dietary Habits in Turkish Cancer Patients Receiving Radiotherapy: A Pilot Study

Ayse Gunes-Bayir1*, Huriye Senay Kiziltan2, Merve Guney1 and Alpaslan Mayadagli2

1Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Bezmialem Vakif University, Istanbul, Turkey

2Department of Radiation Oncology, Faculty of Medicine, Bezmialem Vakif University, Istanbul, Turkey

*Corresponding Author : Ayse Gunes-Bayir
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Bezmialem Vakif University, Silahtara─ča Caddesi No: 198, 34065 Eyüp, Istanbul, Turkey
Tel: +90 212 453 17 00-4596
Fax: +90 212 453 18 83
E-mail: [email protected]

Received: July 14, 2017 Accepted: August 02, 2017 Published: August 07, 2017

Citation: Gunes-Bayir A, Kiziltan HS, Guney M, Mayadagli A (2017) Self-Reported Physical Activity and Dietary Habits in Turkish Cancer Patients Receiving Radiotherapy: A Pilot Study. J Food Nutr Disor 6:4.doi: 10.4172/2324-9323.1000231

Abstract

Radiation therapy is one of the most common treatment ways for cancer. It is important to maintain patients’ general health and quality of life during the treatment. It is known that radiation-related complications have impact on the quality of life in patients. Researches revealed that a balanced diet and regular physical activity could increase quality of life in cancer patients receiving radiotherapy. In addition, determining the lifestyles in terms of health behaviors of cancer patients is indeed important in terms of optimizing their treatment outcomes and welfare. The aim of the study was to determine dietary and physical activity habits in patients receiving radiotherapy using the questionnaire. The questionnaire was composed of five sections: socio-demographic data, type of cancer, anthropometric measurements, dietary and physical activity habits. One hundred eighty-eight patients were reached during the study. Patients included in this study had different type of cancer. Only 35% (n=45) of patients reported being physically active. Sixty-eight percent of patients (n=89) skipped meal where as 31% of these patients (n=28) have skipped meals due to lack of appetite. Daily water consumption was 2 litres for 17% (n=22) patients. Most patients consumed protein foods (meat, fish, egg and beans) with 89% (n=116) and fruit-vegetables with 72% (n=93). In this study cancer-related and worse prognostic factors were determined. Our results suggested that cancer patients may require professional support and practice for nutrition and physical activity.

Keywords: Physical Activity; Dietary Habits; Radiotherapy; Cancer Patients; Clinical

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