Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences & Emerging Drugs ISSN: 2380-9477

Review Article, J Pharm Sci Emerg Drugs Vol: 5 Issue: 1

Bioprospecting of Marine Bioactive Compounds: A Boon towards Developing Therapeutic Molecules to Curb Multifoliated Human Ailments

Amitha Kurian1, Ajith J Nair2, Prasitha K1, Rubeena KA1 and Preetham Elumalai1*

1Department of Biochemistry, School of Aquatic Food Products and Technology, Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies (KUFOS), Panangad, Kerala 682 506, India

2Centre for Bioactive Substances, Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies, Panangad, Kerala, India

*Corresponding Author : Preetham Elumalai
Department of Biochemistry, School of Aquatic Food Products and Technology, Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies (KUFOS), Panangad, Kerala 682 506, India
E-mail:
[email protected]

Received: December 27, 2016 Accepted: January 31, 2017 Published: February 07, 2017

Citation: Kurian A, Nair AJ, Prasitha K, Rubeena KA, Elumalai P (2017) Bioprospecting of Marine Bioactive Compounds: A Boon Towards Developing Therapeutic Molecules to Curb Multifoliated Human Ailments. J Pharm Sci Emerg Drugs 5:1. doi:10.4172/2380-9477.1000120

Abstract

Marine world comprises of varied fauna and flora. They are of immense utility to humans and related organism. Large number of bioactive compounds have been elucidated and studied so far. Most of the compounds are bioactive and are proved to have anti-cancer, anti- bacterial and anti-fungal properties. Some of them are also effective in curing diabetes and autoimmune diseases. The mechanism of action of these compounds is still under investigation. However, several potent drugs are isolated from marine organisms. Clinical trials have shown that they have good results of success as compared to contemporary drugs available in the market. Today marine bioactive compounds pave way to studies at molecular level in understanding drug action in organism. This is a yet to be explored area of study. Improved methodology and instrumentation help studies to be carried out in a more co-ordinated and time bound fashion. In this context, the present article provides an update on the plethora of natural marine compounds, their source and also their potential application in healing diseases.

Keywords: Bioactive compounds; Chemical structure; Marine organisms; Health; Disease; Therapeutic agents; Immunomodulation; Antiinflammatory;Cytotoxic; Anti-cancer

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